Visualizing Images: Displaying images using the lightbox view

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You can use the lightbox view to display datasets that have more than two dimensions (2D). Like its real-world counterpart, the lightbox view displays several images, or slices, in the dataset at one time in an image window. Through the lightbox settings, you can easily control the number of slices that appear.

To view an image dataset in lightbox view 1 Open an image dataset that has more than two dimensions. It appears in the image window in default view (Figure 1).
2 Select Image > Views > Lightbox in the MIPAV window. The image window for the lightbox view appears (Figure 1). The image number, or slice number, appears in the lower left corner of each image.
Notice that the image you originally opened in step 1 remains on your desktop. So you not only see the image dataset in the lightbox view, but you also see the image in the default view.

Using the lightbox view to update the image slice displayed in the default view
The MIPAV window allows you to step through all of the slices of an image dataset shown in the default view one at a time using the Image slice slider, IconDecrementsImageSlice.jpg , the Decrements image slice icon, and IconIncrementsImageSlice.jpg , the Increments image slice icon. However, the default view only shows one slice at a time, but the lightbox view can show two or more slices at one time depending on the lightbox settings (that is, you can control the number of image slices that appear in lightbox view; refer to "Adjusting the lightbox view").
Suppose it is easier for you to find a particular slice in the dataset by viewing several slices at the same time in order to compare them against each other. To do so, you would open an image dataset in default view and then display the dataset in lightbox view. The lightbox view displays the number of image slices that you had already specified.
At this point your desktop shows both the image dataset in default view and the dataset in lightbox view. The lightbox view allows you to quickly look through the entire dataset until you locate the correct slice. Once you find it, you may want to perform some actions, such as running algorithms, on that slice. To update the image in the default view to display the slice you located, first select and then right-click the image slice in the lightbox view. The default image window now shows the image slice you found.
Figure 1. Image window showing the lightbox view *The set of slices depends on the number of slices currently being displayed. For example, if four slices are currently displayed, then View > Previous Page shows the previous set of four slices. If seven slices are currently displayed, then View > Previous Page displays the previous seven slices in the dataset. View > Next Page works similarly. It displays the next set of slices in the dataset.
Edit
Select All-selects all of the slices in the dataset.
Select None-deselects all of the selected slices.
Invert Selections- deselects selected slices and select those that were not selected.
Delete-deletes the selected slices from the dataset.
Extract-copies the selected slices to a separate image window, which you can save as a separate dataset.

ZeroBased LightboxView.jpg

View
First Page-displays the first set* of slices in the dataset.
Previous Page-displays the previous set* of slices in the dataset.
Next Page-displays the next set* of slices in the dataset.
Last Page-displays the last set* of slices in the dataset.
Options
Settings-allows you to change settings for the number of rows and columns used to display images in the dataset, change the grid size and the size of the frame border, change the colors of the borders and frames, and the level of magnification.
Save Settings-saves the settings currently set in the Lightbox Settings dialog box.
Continuous Update-updates all of the displayed images when you make a change to one of the images.
IconLightBoxDefaultMode.jpg Default mode
Displays the images according to the standard settings used by MIPAV when it is initially installed.
IconLightboxMagnification.jpg Magnify region
Magnifies a portion of the image from 1 to 32 times. To change the level of magnification or the size of the magnifier, right-click on the image, and the Magnification dialog box opens.
IconLightBoxRepaint.jpg Repaints images
Updates the images displayed in the lightbox reflecting the changes made to the lightbox settings and to the dataset.
IconLightBoxDeleteSlice.jpg Delete selected slices
Removes the selected slices from the image dataset.
IconLightBoxExtractSlices.jpg Extract selected slices to a new image
Makes a copy of the selected slices in the image dataset to a new image window.
IconLightBoxFirstSlice.jpg First page
Displays the first set* of slices in the dataset.
IconLightBoxPreviousSlice.jpg Previous page
Displays the previous set* of slices in the dataset.
IconLightBoxNextSlice.jpg Next page
Displays the next set* of slices in the dataset.
IconLightBoxLastSlice.jpg Last page
Displays the last set* of slices in the dataset.
IconLightBoxActiveSlice.jpg Go to active slice
Displays the currently selected slice.
Go to slice
Specifies which slice you want to display. Type a number in this box and then select Enter to display the slice. The slice then appears in the lightbox view.
Image window
Displays an individual slice in the dataset. To select a slice, click once on the slice. A thin red line appears around the slice inside the border.
Border
Outlines each slice.
Background
Provides the grid for the images in the window.

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Adjusting the lightbox view

By default, the lightbox view shows only one column of images. Each image in the dataset is surrounded by frame borders and background (Figure 2). However, you can adjust the lightbox view so that you can see several columns and rows of images at a time (Figure 2) in a grid. You can also adjust the borders and the default magnification level of the images.

To change the grid configuration
1 Select Options > Settings in the image window for the lightbox view. The Lightbox Settings dialog box (Figure 2) appears.
2 Select Row.
3 Type the number of rows you want to appear in No. rows.
4 Select Column.
5 Type the number of columns in No. columns.

Figure 2. Lightbox Settings dialog box
Row
Selects the row settings.

ZeroBased LightboxView2.jpg

Column
Selects the column settings.
No. rows
Specifies the number of rows that should exist in the lightbox view.
No. columns
Specifies the number of columns that should exist in the lightbox view.
Grid size
Indicates the spacing in pixels used for the grid size.
Frame border slice
Indicates the spacing in pixels used in the grid.
Background color
Allows you to choose the color of the background of the lightbox. When you select this icon, the Pick Background Color dialog box opens.
Border color
Allows you to choose the color of the border that surrounds each image displayed in the lightbox. When you select this icon, the Pick Border Color dialog box opens.
Magnification
Controls the level of magnification.
Apply
Applies the parameters that you specified to the lightbox view.
Reset
Returns all of the parameters to their default values.
Close
Closes this dialog box without making changes to the lightbox view. If you changed the parameters in this dialog box, you must first select Apply to put those changes into effect.
Help
Displays online help for this dialog box.


6 Click Apply. Notice that the number of rows and columns in the lightbox view changed to the numbers you specified.
7 Continue to make changes to other lightbox settings.
8 Click Close to close the Lightbox Settings dialog box.
9 Click Options > Save Settings to save the settings as the default number of rows or columns for the next time you display the lightbox view.

To change the grid size
1 Select Options > Settings in the image window for the lightbox view. The Lightbox Settings dialog box (Figure 3) appears.
2 Type a number from 0 to 20 in Grid size (Figure 4).


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Grid size box

Figure 3. Grid size box

GridSizefield.jpg

3 Click Apply. Notice that the grid size in the lightbox view changed to the size that you specified.
4 Continue to make changes to other lightbox settings, or click Close to close the Lightbox Settings dialog box. The image window for the lightbox view appears.
5 Click Options > Save Settings (Figure 5) to save the settings as the grid size for the next time you display the lightbox view.

Figure 4. Save Settings command on the Options menu in the Lightbox Settings dialog box

MenuOptionsSaveSettings.jpg

Figure 5. Grid and frame border

ZeroBased LightboxView3.jpg

To change the border size
1 Select Options > Settings in the image window for the lightbox view. The Lightbox Settings dialog box (Figure 3) appears.
2 Type a number from 0 to 10 in Frame border size (Figure 6). The unit of measurement for the number is in pixels.

Frame border size box

Figure 6. Frame border size box

FrameBorderSizefield.jpg


3 Click Apply. On the right of Frame border size, Border size changed to the size you specified.
4 Continue to make changes to other lightbox settings, or click Close to close the Lightbox Settings dialog box.
5 Click Options > Save Settings to save the settings as the default border size for the next time you display the lightbox view.

To change background and border colors
1 Select Options > Settings in the image window containing the lightbox view. The Lightbox Settings dialog box (Figure 3) appears.
Notice that Background color displays the color of the current grid border, and Border Color shows the color of the current frame border.
2 Click the background color bar (Figure 8).
The Pick Background Color dialog box (Figure 9) opens.

Background color and border color bars

Figure 7. Background color and border color bars

FieldsColorSettingsLightbox.jpg

This dialog box includes three tabbed pages:

  1. Swatches page (Figure 9), which, by default, is always displayed first
  2. HSB page (Figure 9)
  3. RGB page (Figure 9)

You can change the color of the background on any of these pages.

Swatches page in the Pick Background Color dialog box

Figure 8. Swatches page in the Pick Background Color dialog box

DialogboxPickBackgroundColorSwatches.jpg

3 Select a color from the Swatches, HSB, or RGB page. (For instructions on how to select colors, refer to "Manually creating a mask using paint" in Chapter 6, "Segmenting Images Using Contours and Masks").

Figure 9. HSB page in the Pick Background Color dialog box

DialogboxPickBackgroundColorHSB.jpg

4 Click OK to apply the color to the background or border.
The Pick a Background Color dialog box closes, and the Lightbox Settings dialog box appears.
5 Click Apply.
Notice that the color of the background or border colors in the lightbox view changed to the colors you specified.

Figure 10. RGB page in the Pick Background Color dialog box

DialogboxPickBorderColorRGB.jpg

6 Continue to make changes to other lightbox settings, or click Close to close the Lightbox Settings dialog box.
7 Click Options > Save Settings in the lightbox view to save the settings as the default background and border colors for the next time you display the lightbox view.

To change the default magnification level for one slice in the dataset

1 Click IconLightboxMagnification.jpg .
2 Right-click on the image. The Magnification dialog box (Figure 12) opens.
3 Change the magnification level by sliding the marker on the Magnification slider to the level you want.
4 Select Display intensity values if you would prefer to see the intensity values in the magnified region rather than the magnified image.

Magnification dialog box

Figure 11. Magnification dialog box

DialogboxLightBoxMagnification.jpg

5 Type a number from 64 to 390 to enlarge or reduce the size of the magnified region.
6 Click Apply. The settings specified in the Magnification dialog box take effect immediately and only for that one image, or slice.

To enlarge or reduce the size of all images
1 Select Options > Settings in the image window containing the lightbox view. The Lightbox Settings dialog box opens (Figure 3).
2 Select the level of magnification by moving the slider right or left to the appropriate value.
3 Click Apply. Notice that the image magnification changed to the magnification you specified.
4 Continue to make changes to other lightbox settings, or click Close to close the Lightbox Settings dialog box.
5 Click Options > Save Settings in the lightbox view to save the settings as the default magnification for the next time you display the lightbox view.

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To return to the original settings for the lightbox view, click Reset in the Lightbox Settings dialog box.
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In the example shown in Figure 13, the researcher changed the original lightbox view (Figure 13A) in several ways. The number of rows was increased from two to four and the number of images in each row from two to three. The frame border color was changed from yellow to gray and the grid color from blue to black. Also the magnification level of the images was reduced to 38 percent of the original image size. Figure 13B shows the final lightbox view.

Repainting (updating) the lightbox

You can simultaneously display the same dataset in different views on your desktop. For example, you can display the dataset in default view and in lightbox view. If you perform an action on the dataset that is visualized in default view, such as contour a structure, you can update the dataset display so that the contours also appear in lightbox view. You can do this automatically or manually.

To automatically update the dataset in the image window
Select Options > Continuous Update in the lightbox view. The dataset is refreshed whenever a change occurs in the default image window.

File:MIPAV VisualizationTools144.gif

Caution: Although this option is convenient, it may slow software response time if you are working with a large dataset.

To manually update the dataset in the image window<
Click ButtonRepaintLightBoxView.jpg , the Repaint icon, from the toolbar in the lightbox view.
To close the Lightbox window
Click ButtonClose.jpg in the upper right corner of the Lightbox window. A confirmation message (Figure 13) appears. To close the window, click Yes and the Lightbox window closes. If you change your mind about leaving the lightbox view, click No.

Figure 12. Some of the display options available in lightbox view:

ZeroBased LightboxView4.jpg

(A) original lightbox view (image on the left) and (B) changed lightbox view (image on the right)
Figure 13. Lightbox Close message

MessageLightBoxClose.jpg

Visualizing Images: Displaying images using the link to another image view