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Transformation matrix class is an affine homogeneous class that can be used to rotate objects like images and VOIs. It can constructed as a 2D(3x3) or 3D(4x4) homogeneous matrix for transform (rotation, translation, skew and zoom) images/VOIs. Skew is not commonly used.
The MIPAV 3D model for 4 X 4 transformations is:
[ m00 m01 m02 m03 ] [ x ] [ x' ] [ m10 m11 m12 m13 ] . [ y ] = [ y' ] [ m20 m21 m22 m23 ] [ z ] [ z' ] [ m30 m31 m32 m33 ] [ w ] [ w' ] x' = m00*x + m01*y + m02*z + m03*w y' = m10*x + m11*y + m12*z + m13*w z' = m20*x + m21*y + m22*z + m23*w w' = m30*x + m31*y + m32*z + m33*w
However, because the transform type is limited, we can always set the third row to [ 0 0 0 1] and write instead:
[ m00 m01 m02 ] [ x ] [ t0 ] [ x' ] [ m10 m11 m12 ] . [ y ] + [ t1 ] = [ y' ] [ m20 m21 m22 ] [ z ] [ t2 ] [ z' ] x' = m00*x + m01*y + m02*z + t0 y' = m10*x + m11*y + m12*z + t1 z' = m20*x + m21*y + m22*z + t2
We still represent 4x4 m with a WildMagic Matrix4f, because of the existing implementations that assume a 4x4 matrix, and the use of the upper 3x3 matrix as a 2D transform.
We considered representing m with a WildMagic Matrix3f, and t with a Vector3f, as encapsulated in the WildMagic Transformation class, but it does not match typical Mipav usage.
ORDER OF TRANSFORMATIONS = TRANSLATE, ROTATE, ZOOM or TRANSLATE, ROTATE, SKEW, ZOOM Row, Col format - right hand rule 2D Example
zoom_x theta tx theta zoom_y ty 0 0 1 represented in 3D by leaving Z the identity transform: zoom_x theta 0 tx theta zoom_y 0 ty 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
Note that for 2D, the tx and ty components are stored in M02 and M12, and not in M03 and M13, as might be guessed by the use of a Matrix4f to store both 2D and 3D transforms.
Note for 3D - ref. Foley, Van Dam p. 214
Axis of rotation Direction of positive rotation is x y to z y z to x z x to y
Order of rotation is important (i.e. not commutative) Rx Ry Ry != Ry Rx Rz